Volleyball Techniques | History Games Volleyball | Volleyball Game Rules

A. History of Volleyball Games
Volleyball Techniques | History Games Volleyball | Volleyball Game Rules
Volleyball game was created by William B Morgan in 1895 in Holyoke (eastern U.S.). William B Morgan is a physical education coach at the Young Men Christain Association (MCA).
Volleyball game in America is very fast progress, so that in 1933 the YMCA held nsional volleyball championship.



Volleyball game then spread throughout the world. In 1974 the first time in Poland's volleyball competed with enough participants. Then in 1984 founded the International Volleyball Federation or Internationnal Volley Ball Federation (IVBF) the time that the 15 countries and based in Paris.
Volleyball game is very fast development, among others caused by:

    
Volleyball game does not require extensive field.
    
Easy to play.
    
The tools are used to play very simple.
    
This game is very fun.
    
The likelihood of accidents is very small.
    
Can be played in the wild or in a confined space.
    
Can play a lot of people
Volleyball game entered Indonesia in the Dutch colonial time (after 1928). Development of a volleyball game in Indodesia very fast. This was evident at the National Sports Week (PON)-2-year to 1952 in Jakarta. Until now the game of volleyball is one of the official sports contested.
In 1955 the exact date of January 22 was set Organisation Volleyball Indonesia (PBVSI) headed by W. J. Latumenten. After the parent organization of volleyball, then on the 28th to 30th May 1955 held a national congress and the first championship in Jakarta.
By looking at the volleyball game development is so rapid that it is appropriate if the government chooses to play volleyball as a sport education in schools. Only a volleyball game in general little difficulty in introducing the proteges. The difficulty lies in the basic game of volleyball movements.

B. Basic Techniques Volleyball Games
A. Definition of Engineering
The technique is a process of birth and proof of a physical activity peraktek quickly as possible to complete certain tasks in sports (especially volleyball game branch).
Well if the technique is said in terms of anatomical / physiological mechanics and mental requirements are met properly. When applied to the achievement of maximum performance techniques to analyze the movement, usually the teacher or coach will be able to correct and improve (Suharno, HP, 1983: 3).
2. Usability Techniques In Sports Branch

    
Efficient and effective to achieve maximum performance.
    
To prevent and reduce the occurrence of injury
    
To add a variety of techniques exist when the game athletes. (Suharno, HP. 1982: 30).
    
Athletes will be more stable and optimistic in entering the arena (Engkos Kosasih, 1984: 109).
3. Ball Control Techniques
To be able to control the ball perfectly to the maximum and at least one player must have abilities like being able to perform well and passing on the right of the basic technique is not negligible and must be trained with less well, one must understand and can really master the technique of ball mastery good and continuous, (Dleter Beullteshtahl., 1986: 9).
To be able to play volleyball well, one must understand and Berar was able to master the technique with good ball control. By mastering the techniques and exercises control of the ball which is hoped will continue to play volleyball is good and right.
4. Passing Down
Passing under the normally used by the players when the ball comes low, either to be transferred to friends and teammates to be returned to the field through the opponent's net or the net.
5. Passing On
Passing on or passing the hand over is a way of taking the ball or pass over the head with your fingers. The ball that comes from above is taken with the fingers on top, slightly in front of the head (Aip Syarifuddin, 1997: 69).
Passing movement down and passing on the show that used at the time of passing the ball down low to the arrival or in front of the chest, while passing over it when the ball comes on top or bounce. It can be concluded that in order to receive the ball better and timely service using passing lower than the passing on, as most coming of sevice ball low and in front of the chest.
6. Service Down
Service is a way to blow down the surface of the hide and service to hit the ball with the hand of an effort to turn the ball in the game (Aip Syarifuddin, 1997: 70).
Service under a service is performed with the hands, elbows straight and swing arms from back to front through the side of the body, one hand holding the ball and tossed the new ball was hit. Service is very popular and frequently performed by novice players.
7. Service Top
Service on the way to blow the start of the service by hitting the ball off the top of the head in an attempt to turn the ball in the game (Aip Syarifuddin, 1997: 53).
Servise on many variations, can be bounced ball with one hand or two hands, the high bounce of the ball depends on the purpose and personal enjoyment the player blows. However, in principle, be undertaken in such a way that the ball bounced high, so the whole set of movements to hit into a movement that does not falter.
8. Service Side
Service side is beginning to blow from the service with an attitude of standing sideways and weight are on the right foot (for right-handed), palm facing up (Mariyanto, 1995: 119). The implementation of the service side is the service standing to the left side with your body closer to the net (for those who are right-handed) second tanga jointly hold the ball. At the time the ball is going bounced, then the body diliukkan back and knees bent. Both hands extended to the right side, so the ball out of hand, then pulled aside the lower right hand, the weight was in the right leg, palm facing up, hit the hand on the ball helped the canting body, lash pergelangn arm and hand movements so that the ball after being hit hard and bounced with topspin.
9. Service Jump
Service is a way to jump start the blow in the service area by jumping after the ball bounced with one hand or two hands (Aip Syarifuddin, 1997: 59). Service with the ball bounced down conducted by one or two hands. As soon as the ball bounced and followed with a jump ball is arranged above the front of the head. When the ball has been at the front of the head then immediately slapped his right hand on the ball as soon as possible.
10. Smash (Spike)
Smesh or spike the ball movement is done with the strong and the way the ball hard and fast, sharp and diving as well as difficult to accept the opponent when the blow was swift and precise (Aip Syarifuddin, 1997: 58). In the technique is the location of his artistic smash a volleyball game, if players want to win the game then inevitably they must master the smash technique. Players who are good at doing Smasher smash or a term must have the agility, explosive power, good timing and having the ability to hit a perfect ball. Volleyball players will be able to perform a variety of smash when the player mastering the basic techniques are good and true smash.
11. Stem
Stem (blocking) is a form of movement of a person or persons who are near net player / forwards (Aip Syarifuddin, 1997: 58). Purpose to cover up or block the ball comes off your opponent, how to stick his hands up with the right altitude higher than the edge or lip net.
During the blocking concern must continue to the ball, the position of the ball and pendangan Smasher eyes of the Smasher. To adjust to the direction of the smash, it is necessary to make a step or step to the left or right with the intention that any time can jump up to do the blocking.
C. Passing On
A. On passing understanding
Passing the ball control is an important technique to learn. Passing the ball is present can be interpreted or pass the ball by using your fingers to the opponent or the opponent directly to the field, in addition to passing on the good it will affect in the game but that is more prominent in the high level games in the match than the lower.
Passing the time doing some things to consider, such as those developed by Engkos Kosasih as follows:

    
Concentration for passing on.
    
Practice and adjust to the ball.
    
Watch and learn where to put the ball right place.
    
Weak position to know the other side (Engkos Kosasih, 1985: 109).
Some ways of doing passing on the parmainan volleyball, among others:
1.1. Passing On Individuals

    
Place the body under the ball.
    
Both legs open, knees bent, so that the body is positioned in a state of half-squat.
    
Elbow is bent, stretched middle fingers and lies in front of the forehead.
    
The attitude of the hand like a bowl.
    
View of the direction of the ball.
    
At the time the ball came, the ball is driven with the fingers, hands on the ball perkenaan the first and second segment of the index finger to little finger, while the thumb only on the first segment.
    
To assist the movement of the fingers, wrists moved towards the front.
    
After the ball out of the hands, followed by the movement of limbs and feet move forward to maintain balance (Edi Suparman, 1994: 91).
1.2. Passing On The Wall
There are some expert opinions about passing on the wall include:

    
Theo Khelmen and Dleler Kruber (1990: 40) states: by passing over the wall in a row it will be able to improve the ability to direct the ball.
    
Bonnie Robisson (1991: 44-46) says a person must deepen the player's hand strength to push the ball to the wall with a distance between 90-12 cm from the wall or walls. In the present study determined the distance a person who will make passing on to the wall as a place of activity is 120 cm, this is based on trials.
D. Perasarana Volleyball Games
A. Field and the size
Volleyball game field is a rectangle with a length of 18 m and a width of 9 m, all the field lines, center line, the line of attack is 3 m area (front area). The boundary line that marked the limit by using a rope, wood, paint / chalk, paper of a width not more than 5 cm. volleyball game field is divided into two equal parts, each 9 x 9 meters wide. In the middle of the field is limited midline that divides the field into two equal parts. Each field consists of the area of ​​attack and defense areas.
Area of ​​attack is the region bounded by the halfway line with a line of attack that the extent of 9 x 3 meters.
2. Servise area
Service area is an area of ​​9 meters wide behind each end line. This area is bounded by two short lines created along 15 cm 20 cm behind the end line, as the representative from the side lines. Both short lines are already included in the service area boundary, the extension service is a backward region to the limit-free areas.
3. Net (Net)
Nets for volleyball games typically no more than 9.50 meters and width no more than 1.00 meters with patches or mesh size of 10 x 10 cm, height 2.43 meter net for men and for women 2.24 meter , the top edge there is a white ribbon as wide as 5 cm.
4. Rod antennas
In the game of volleyball games that are nationally and internationally, in addition to net mounted above the rod or rod protruding upward as high as 80 cm from the edge of the net or the net mouth. Stick fibergelas made of 180 cm in length with a given color contrast.
5. Ball
The ball must be round made of flexible leather or synthetic leather on the inside of rubber or similar material. The color of the ball should be one color or a combination of several colors. Synthetic leather and color combinations on the official game ball used on the international FIVB must comply with the standards.
Circumference of the ball 64-67 cm and weighs 260-280 grm, the pressure within the ball must be 0, 39-0, 325 kg/cm2 (4.26 to 4.61 Psi) (294.3 to 318.82 mbar / hpa).
6. Player
Number of players in the field of play as many as 6 people per shift and the plus 5 as substitute and one libero player. A team consisting of a maximum of 12 players, coaches cypress, a system coach, one trainer and one medical doctor, unless the libero, one of the players is the team captain, he must be marked in the score sheet.
Only registered players can enter the score sheet in the field and play the game. At the coach and team captain signed the scoresheet registered players can not be replaced. Volleyball
Bibliography
Kosasih Engkos, Sports Engineering and Training and Academic Programs, Persindo
Poerwodarminto, General Dictionary Indonesian, PN, Hall Book, Jakarta 1984
Soeharno HP, Basics Volleyball game, Yogyakarta IKIP FPOK 1982
Soejono, Coaching Science General, FKIK FPOK, London 1983
SyarifuddinAip, Science Sports, a new CV, jakarta 1991
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