Tennis Playing Techniques | History | Rules

History of Tennis
There are different types of games that use a racket to play tennis today and is one of the most preferred games. According to historical records, using a ball and racket games has been played since before Christ, which is in Egypt and Greece. In the 11th-century kind of game called jeu de Paume, which resembles a game of tennis today, has played for the first time in a region in France. The ball used is covered with fluffy yarn while the bat is hand.
The game was later introduced to Italy and England in the 13th century and got rave reviews in a short time. Many devotees were among the local people towards the game. Since then the development of tennis continues to rise to the countries of Europe to another.



Stringed racket was first introduced in the 15th century by Antonio da Scalo, an Italian priest of the nation. He wrote a general rule for all games that use a ball, including tennis. The British magazine "Sporting Magazine" named this game as a 'tennis court' (lawn tennis). In the book "Book of Games And Sports", published in 1801, referred to as "long tennis". Tennis was originally a game of high society. Famous lawn tennis in the reign of Queen Victoria and then imitated by the middle class, making it the regular game.
The first tennis club was founded in France by JB Leamington Perera, Harry Gem, Dr. Frederick Haynes, and Dr. Arthur Tompkins in 1872. At that time, called a pelota court or lawn Rackets. In 1874 the game of tennis was first played in the United States by Dr. James Dwight and F.R. Sears. Meanwhile, the All England Croquet Club has also been established in 1868. Two years after it opened offices in Worple Road, Wimbledon. In 1875, the club is also willing to earmark a portion of the land for tennis and badminton. Accordingly, lawn tennis rules were written. United States established the first tennis club in Staten Island. Starting from there, the game of tennis in the United States growing by leaps and bounds. From there was born a lot of tough tennis players to master the world tennis arena.
The first tennis championship began in 1877.
Regulation of the Field
Tennis courts are divided in two by a net in the middle of the exact height 91.4 cm and 107 cm at the edges. Each half of the game field is divided into three terms: a rear side and two front side (for service).
Field and some of its aspects gatis separated by white stripes that are part of the field where a game of tennis. A ball hit off the field (though not touching the line) is said to have come out and give your opponent a value.
Here I will try to explain the basic techniques of playing tennis for you, which if you are a beginner and want to try to play tennis properly. I combine this article from a few references that I can, hopefully it easy for you to follow.
Grip (Racquet Grip)
I choose to discuss this because often the players that are new or have never played tennis at all stuck on the basic error in holding the racket. I see this is most likely caused by Indonesia's most distant known as the most popular sport of badminton is played in Indonesia, so often adopts the style of badminton racket handle.
Badminton racket grip tends to be in the middle of the handle, while the courts tend to be at the end of the handle of the racquet. Examples can be seen in the following figure:
grips-copy.jpg
I think this difference can be understood from the kinetic swing in hitting the ball or why in badminton. Courts tend to use the swing movement of the hands and body as well as round the shoulder to hit the ball, so the racket can be considered as an extension of the hand and is an integral part of the body. When the handle of the racquet at the midpoint, it will damage the stability and integrity of the racquet swing arm itself. As with the badminton racket that has a lighter weight than tennis. Badminton more use than the overall wrist motion hinga shoulder arm itself, so that the handle in the middle of the handle would further strengthen the grip.
More ... The following will explain the position of the hand grip on the handle grip tennis racket in terms of position.
continental1.jpggrip_guide-1.jpg generally octagonal tennis racket handle. The eight sides are divided into the top, bottom, left, right and angles 1, 2, 3, and 4 (clockwise) as illustrated in the picture. Used to be the benchmark of each type of grip is the position of the base of the tip of our finger.
Next we review some of the grip or handle of the racquet in a tennis game.
A. Continental forehand grip
Grip Grip is a classic that is always used by tennis players when the ancient wooden racket was used. The position of the hand just above the handle of the racquet and the position of the base of the index finger is on the corner of 1 (for right-handed player) or the angle 4 (for left-handed players).

 
Modern pro players who were still using this type is the Stefan Edberg and John McEnroe before is. Grip is very well used in the field of fast surface, like grass, and is used by players to the game type 'Service Volley'. Currently there is not much use as a type continental forehand grip is mainly due to the faster tempo of the game with the ball that spins (spin). This is just minus the grip can be used to blow a horizontal (flat) and slice (slice), while the spin is rather difficult to hit. Players who use this grip is also often difficult to face top spin balls that are slightly inflated parabolic. However, the continental grip is the grip standard for service and also for the volley and overhead due to steady the hand gripping the handle of the racquet.

 
2. Eastern forehand grip
eastern21.jpgEastern is most easily applied grip beginner tennis player. Grip is often referred to as 'the handle to shake hands'. You can try to start the grip of the neck of the racquet, like shaking hands, then down to the end of the handle of the racquet. The position of the base of the index finger tends to be on the right side (for right-handed player) or the left side (for left-handed players).
The handle of this type can provide a shot of a complete, be it flat, slice, or spin. Grip is perfect choice for players who often rely volley game to the net because you can easily and quickly adjust the grip to volley into the net. But once again minus the handle is a bit difficult to deal with topspin balls that are parabolic.
One player who dominated the tennis pro in the 90s, that is Pete Sampras, use this grip as his choice because he is a typical player Service Volley grip is very comfortable wearing it.
3. Semi-Western forehand grip
semi-western21.jpgGrip grip of this type is the most widely used by modern tennis players, especially those with type baseliner game (including myself).
You can try this grip by placing the base of your index finger at the corner of 2 (for right-handed player) or 3 (for left-handed players). Or it could be originated from the eastern grip and your hands are rotated clockwise one end to 2 or 3.
The advantages of this grip is that you can hit spin the ball so well that the possibility for greater over the net because it is parabolic. Grip can also be used to hit flat, but not recommended for hitting slice. Minus of this grip is difficult to anticipate low balls that result from stroke or slice flat on the ground particularly fast (grass or hard court).
Some examples of pro players who use this grip is: Andre Agassi, Roger Federer, Marat Safin.
4. Western forehand grip
western2.jpgGrip of this type is an extreme grip is used mainly to produce topspin strokes. Clay-court specialist players (clay) generally use this type of grip, too many modern players today.
I often refer to this grip as the 'pan handle' for how to hold the racket is like when we hold the handle of a frying pan or cooking pot. The trick is that you position the base of the forefinger on the underside of the handle of the racquet. Or you can start from a position of semi-western corner and then shifted to the lower side of the racket handle.
Grip is very good to use for players who want to hit the ball with top spin to the extreme. Direction of the ball from the blow it can soar above the net and falls according to the parabolic line to the extreme. Grip is also very convenient to use to anticipate the high balls which usually occurs on clay. However, the minus from the grip of this type is not used to make flat punch and slice and also very difficult to anticipate the slice balls that fall low on the ground quickly like the grass (grass) or concrete (hard court).
Pro players are adopting this type of grip is generally a clay specialist players such as Rafael Nadal, Carlos Moya is Sergi Bruguera or earlier.
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