Technique Basketball Games | Basketball Game Rules | History of Basketball Games History of Basketball

Technique Basketball Games | Basketball Game Rules | History of Basketball GamesHistory of Basketball

Basketball is one sport that is most favored by residents of the United States and residents of the other hemisphere, among others in South America, Southern Europe, Lithuania, and also in Indonesia.



 
Basketball is considered as a unique sport because it was created by accident by a PE teacher. In 1891, Dr. James Naismith, a Canadian sports teacher who taught at a college for professional students at the YMCA (a Christian youth container) diSpringfield, Massachusetts, had to make a game in an enclosed space to fill time students during winter break in New England.Terinspirasi of the game he ever played as a child in Ontario, Naismith invented the game now known as a basketball on December 15, 1891.According to the story, after rejecting several ideas being considered too hard and not suitable to be played at the arena, covered arena, he then wrote a few basic rules, put a basket on the wall of the gym, and asks the students to start playing the game of his creation.Match the first official basketball, held on January 20, 1892 at Naismith.Basket Dr.James workplace is also the name spoken by one of his students. This sport became immediately famous throughout the United States. Fans placed at all branches in the United States. Game by game immediately implemented in cities throughout the state of the United States.At first, each team of nine people and no dribble, so the ball can only move through the throw. History of basketball game rules starting from the 13 basic rules written by James Naismith. The basic rule is as followsBasic rules of Basketball.The ball can be thrown in any direction by using one or both hands.The ball can be hit in any direction by using one or both hands, but must not use the beaten fist (punching).Players are not allowed to run while holding the ball. Players must throw the ball from the point where receiving the ball, but is allowed if the player is running at normal speed.The ball must be held within or between your palms. Arms or other limbs are not allowed to hold the ball.Players are not allowed to plow, holding, pushing, hitting an opposing player with a deliberate manner. The first violation of this rule will be counted as an error, a second offense will be a disqualification sanction violators player to the basket ball team entered by his opponent, and if the offense is committed with intent to injure the opponent, then the player will be punished offenders should not play along game. At this time, substitutions are not allowed.A mistake was made when a player hits the ball with his hand (fist), violating the rules 3 and 4, and breaking things mentioned in rule 5.If either party made three consecutive errors, the error will be counted as a goal for the opponents (consecutive means without the offense behind the opponent).Goal occurs when the ball is thrown or beaten from the field into the basket, in which case the player guarding the basket does not touch or disturb the goal. When the ball stopped on the edge of an opposing player moves a basket or cart, then it will not count as a goal.If the ball out of the action, the ball will be thrown back in and played by the first player to touch it. In the event of disagreement about the possession of the ball, the referee will toss it into the field. the player who throws the ball given 5 seconds to throw the ball. When he held for longer than that time, the possession of the ball will move. If one party can do to delay the game, then the referee can give them a warning violation.The referee has the right to pay attention to the players and the game records the number of violations and told assistant referee in case of violation in a row. The referee has the right to give the player who commits an offense disqualification according to Rule 5.Assistant referee noticed the ball and make decisions when the ball is deemed to have off the field, the change of possession, as well as the counting time. Assistant referee has the right to determine the legitimacy of the goals and count the number of goals happen.When the match is 4 rounds each 10 minutesParties managed to enter the most goals will be declared the winner.Field, Time, and Number of Basketball PlayersBasketball game is rectangle with a length field is 26 meters and width of the field is 14 yards. Three circles located at the basketball court has a length of the radius is 1.80 meters.Number of players in the game of basketball is a team of 5 people in the reserve 5 people. While the number of referees in the game of basketball is 2 people. Referee 1 Referee while the referee called the two called the Umpire.When the game 4 X 10 minutes. In between rounds 1, 2, 3, and stage 4 there is a break for 10 minutes. In the event of the same score at the end of extra time the match should be held until there is difference score. In between there are two additional half time break for 2 minutes. Time for a throw-in is 5 seconds.Circumference of the ball used in the game of basketball is 75 cm - 78 cm. While the weight of the ball is 600-650 grams. If the ball is dropped from a height of 1.80 meters on the floor board, then the ball must be returned at an altitude of between 1.20 to 1.40 meters.The length of the outer reflective board is 1.80 meters while the width of the outer reflective board is 1.20 meters. And the length of the inner reflection board is 0.59 meters while the width of the reflected part of the board is 0.45 meters.Distance floor to the bottom of the bounce board is 2.75 meters. While the distance of the reflection board to the bottom of the basket is 0.30 meters. Basketball hoop has a length that is 0.40 meters. Poles while the distance to the finish line is 1 meter.The length of the center line of the circle on the basketball court is 1.80 meters with a line width of 0.05 meters. The length of the finish line of attack area circle that is 6 meters. While the penalty shot line length is 3.60 meters.Basketball Game RulesBasic rules of the game of Basketball is as follows.The ball can be thrown in any direction by using one or both hands.The ball can be hit in any direction by using one or both hands, but must not use the beaten fist (punching).Players are not allowed to run while holding the ball. Players must throw the ball from the point where receiving the ball, but is allowed if the player is running at normal speed.The ball must be held within or between your palms. Arms or other limbs are not allowed to hold the ball.Players are not allowed to plow, holding, pushing, hitting, or tackle an opponent in some way. The first violation of this rule will be counted as an error, a second violation will be sanctioned by disqualification of the offender to the basket player his team entered the opponent's ball, and if the offense is committed with intent to injure the opponent, then the player will be punished offenders should not come into play throughout the game . At this time, substitutions are not allowed.A mistake was made when a player hits the ball with his hand (fist), violating the rules 3 and 4, and breaking things mentioned in rule 5.If either party made three consecutive errors, the error will be counted as a goal for the opponents (consecutive means without the offense behind the opponent).Goal occurs when the ball is thrown or beaten from the field into the basket, in which case the player guarding the basket does not touch or disturb the goal. When the ball stopped on the edge of an opposing player moves a basket or cart, then it will not count as a goal.If the ball out of the action, the ball will be thrown back in and played by the first player to touch it. In the event of disagreement about the possession of the ball, then wasitlah who will throw it into the field. Pitchers were given 5 seconds to throw the ball in his hands. When he held for longer than that time, the possession of the ball will move. If one party can do to delay the game, then the referee can give them a warning violation.The referee has the right to pay attention to the players and the game records the number of violations and told assistant referee in case of violation in a row. The referee has the right to give the player who commits an offense disqualification according to Rule 5.Assistant referee noticed the ball and make decisions when the ball is deemed to have off the field, the change of possession, as well as the counting time. Assistant referee has the right to determine the legitimacy of the goals and count the number of goals happen.When the game is 4 quarters each 10 minutesParties managed to enter the most goals will be declared the winner [1]Basic Techniques of Basketball GamesHow to hold a basketball is the attitude of the hands forming a large bowl. The ball was in between both palms. Attached to the palms beside the ball slightly backwards, the fingers outstretched attached to the ball. The thumb is located close to the body in the back of the ball facing the front center. The second leg forming the horses with one foot in front. Body bent slightly forward and knees relaxed.In catching the ball must be considered to be in control of the ball. Picked up the ball with your palms outstretched fingers and wrists relaxed. When the ball go between his palms, fingers immediately attached to the ball and pulled back or follow the direction of the ball. Catch the ball (catching ball) consists of two kinds of ways to catch the ball above his head and catch boka in front of the chest.Pass or throw a ball made up of three ways of throwing the ball over the head (over head pass), throw the ball from the front of the chest (chest pass) is performed from the chest to chest in the game quickly, and throw the ball bounced off the ground or floor ( bounce pass).Dribbling (dribbling ball) is an attempt to bring the ball forward. The way is by bouncing the ball on the floor with one hand. When the ball moves into the palm of the hand attached to the ball and follow the direction of the ball. Press the ball when it reaches its highest point toward the bottom with a bit of elbow straightening the wrist followed by spasticity. Dribble the basketball game can be divided into two ways, namely dribble low and high dribble. Low dribble aimed at protecting the ball from the opponent's reach. High dribble done to make a quick attack to the opponent's defense.Pivot or memoros is an attempt to save the ball from the reach of the opponent with one foot as a pivot, while the other leg can rotate 360 ​​degrees.Shooting is an attempt to put the ball into the opponent's basket or the basket to score points. In doing this shooting can be done in two ways, namely by shooting with two hands and shooting with one hand.Lay-up is an attempt to put the ball into a basketball hoop or a basket with two steps and jumped in order to gain points. Lay-up is also called the shots fly.Techniques Pro Basketball GamesFade AwayFade Away is a technique that encourages the body backward during shoot, making it difficult for defenders to block the ball. this technique is quite hard to do for players who are just learning basketball. When the balance of the body might not awake bounced and fell backward. NBA players who frequently use this technique is like a basketball legend Michael Jordan and Kobe Bryant.Hook ShootHook is a very effective technique when the player is maintained by the higher of the player. Namely how to shoot from the side with one hand. So the distance between the person and player bias block some distance away. Later this technique often used by Rony Gunawan Satria Muda Britama time against Garuda Bandung in Final 2009, and achieve the 80% accuracy.Jump ShootTechnique that takes high jump, and shot a good accuracy.crossoverhow to dribble a ball by bouncing from left hand to right hand or vice versa. usually have a lot on improvisation techniques by way of a ball bouncing in the crevice between the feet (most of the international players have been using this technique) or the back of the legs (the most commonly used technique is Jamal Crawford - Atlanta Hawks)SlamdunkSlamdunk is one of the most popular technique. Actually quite simple, which is just put the ball directly into the ring and threw hand basket. Although simple, but for people with 171 cm height slam like this is almost impossible to do because the jump was not high enough. [2]

 
DevelopmentBasketball games have been very popular since it was first developed and introduced by James Naismith. One development is the creation of motion slam dunk or menombok, the motion to include basketball and melesakan directly into the basket to do acrobatics with a tremendous force.The birth of the Basketball Association of IndonesianThere is some information saying the inclusion of basketball in conjunction with the arrival of Chinese merchants to independence. More precisely, since 1894, basketball was played in the Chinese province of Tientsien and then spread throughout mainland China. Those who trade in Indonesia is rich in the middle group of Americans who choose to exercise it as the identity of modern China.This information prior to and in fact strengthened the independence of basketball clubs in major cities such as Jakarta, Medan, Bandung, Semarang, Yogyakarta, and Surabaya mostly grown from Chinese schools. Of the club was also one of the players then were born the legend of Indonesia, Liem Tjien Siong who became known as Sonny Hendrawan (In 1967, Sonny was selected as Player of the Asian Basketball Championships IV in Seoul, South Korea. At that time, Indonesia was ranked teams -4 in the Philippines, Korea, and Japan).In 1948, when the State of Indonesia held a PON I held in Solo, basketball, has become one of the sport contested. This proves that a fast basketball popular in the community and officially recognized the State. Three years later, Maladi as Secretary of the Indonesian Olympic Committee (KOI), which later became the Minister of Sports, asked Tony Wen and Wim Latumeten to form a basketball organization. But eventually the demands of the need to unify the basketball organization, approved the establishment of Indonesian Basketball Association in 1955, abbreviated Perbasi.

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